The composition of the economy of the state of Goiás is based on agricultural production, livestock, commerce and mining, food, clothing, furniture, metallurgy and timber industries. Agriculture is the most explored activity in the state. These trends in the state can be exemplified by its export list, which in 2012 was based on Soybean (21.59%), Corn (12.17%), Soybean Meal (9.65%), Copper Ore ( 8.51%) and Frozen Beef (7.90%).
Agriculture is the most explored activity in the state and one of the main responsible for the rapid process of agroindustrialization that Goiás has been experiencing. Privileged with fertile land, abundant water, favorable climate and a broad domain in production technology, the state is one of the great grain exporters, in addition to having one of the largest herds in the country. The state of Goiás stands out in the production of sugarcane, corn, soybeans, tomatoes, sorghum, beans, sunflowers, garlic, in addition to producing cotton, rice, coffee and wheat. In 2019, Goiás was the 4th Brazilian state with the highest grain production, 10% of the national production.